The Ultimate Guide to Thai Curries

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Ever wondered what the difference is between Thai curries – Green, Red, Yellow, Panang, and Massaman? The Ultimate Guide to Thai Curries is for you!

Thai Curry Infographic

It’s been a week filled with Thai Curries here (Green Curry, Red Curry, and Massaman Curry all made an appearance), but we’re rounding out the week with an overview of this delicious category of Thai cuisine.

And while I’m calling this the “ultimate” guide to Thai curries, it’s really a guide to the most well-known Thai curries. There are as many types of Thai curry, and variations on those types as there are palm trees in Thailand. Curry is a rich and diverse food and this really only begins to scratch the surface. Every family has their own unique twist, but the basics are pretty consistent. And if you’re wanting to learn more, this is a great place to start!

So let’s jump right in and talk curry!

What are the flavors of Thai curry?

As you can see in the image above,  most Thai curries start out with a similar flavor base consisting of lemongrass, galangal, shrimp paste, and other aromatics pounded into a smooth paste. Layered on top of those ingredients are the flavors that make each curry unique.

  • Red Curry is bright and heavily spiced with dried red chilis.
  • Green Curry uses fresh green chilis and is bright and herby from fresh cilantro root and makrut lime leaves.
  • Massaman Curry is mild in heat and loaded with spices found in Indian cuisine like cinnamon and cardamom.
  • Yellow Curry draws on turmeric and dried curry for a rich, savory flavor and yellow color.
  • Panang Curry has the nutty, mellow flavor and texture of roasted peanuts ground right into the curry paste.

How to Make Thai Curry Paste

The steps for making Thai Curry Paste are:

  1. Soak dried red chili peppers (if using)
  2. Roast Shrimp Paste
  3. Toast dry spices in a skillet or wok
  4. Grind dry spices in a mortar and pestle
  5. Grind all ingredients together until a smooth paste forms

Mortar and Pestle, Food Processor, or Blender

If you’ve decided to make homemade Thai curry paste, you’ve already decided to take on a bit of a project by tracking down and preparing your ingredients, so don’t stress over the method you use to make it. The traditional method for making Thai curry paste is to pound everything together using a mortar and pestle, but more modern tools can certainly be used to make a very good version.

A food processor will finely chop the ingredients, leaving the paste with some texture. A high powered blender will usually result in a much more smooth paste than a food processor. Either way, it’s a good idea to first grind the dried spices with a spice grinder so that they can easily incorporate with the rest of the ingredients. The other difference if using a food processor or blender is that you often need to add liquid to the machine so that the ingredients reach the blades. If needed, add water a bit at a time to help the paste form. (The water will cook off during cooking, leaving just the paste behind.)

(The batches of curry paste shown below were made in the food processor with 2-3 Tablespoons of water added to each batch.)

overhead image of mason jars of curry pastes

How to Store Curry Paste

The storage time for curry paste varies slightly depending on the ingredients. Green curry, for example, uses fresh green chilis and will start to discolor and lose some flavor as it sits in the fridge. However, most homemade curries can be stored in the refrigerator for at least a week and in the freezer for 6 months to a year. I like to store mine in 8-oz jars with tight-fitting lits.

Mason jars of curries -- green, massaman, red, panang and yellow

Shrimp Paste in Thai Curry

Shrimp paste gives Thai curry pastes a distinctive, authentically Thai flavor. It’s also a source of “umami” that adds depth to the curries the paste is used in. It should always be roasted for a few minutes before being added to the curry paste. The easiest way to roast the shrimp paste is to wrap it in foil and fully enclose it. Then place the packet of shrimp paste on a hot skillet and cook on both sides until fragrant, 2 to 3 minutes on each side. This helps to release the flavors.

Vegetarian / Vegan Thai Curry

If you want to make a vegetarian or vegan curry paste, all you have to do is skip the shrimp paste. You can always add other sources of umami flavor to the curry later – some soy sauce is a good option. (Don’t add soy sauce to the curry paste itself.)

What Can I Make with Thai Curry Paste?

I’m so glad you asked! 😉 If you haven’t already, be sure to hop on over and check out the full recipes for the Thai curry paste and the curries that go along with them:

Thai Green Curry with Chicken

thai green curry in a dutch oven

Thai Red Curry with Chicken

thai red curry chicken with squash, bell peppers, and rice in a white bowl

Thai Massaman Curry with Beef

Thai Massaman Curry in a blue bowl with rice

More Curry Recipes

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About Jess Smith

Jess is the recipe creator and photographer at She spent nearly a decade as the Chief Recipe Developer for the award-winning meal planning app Cook Smarts. Her colorful, healthyish recipes have been featured in popular online publications including Parade, Hallmark, and HuffPost.

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  1. Jess – Love this graph – qualified or not, you must be a closet process engineer for sure! 😉

    And thanks for the vegetarian tweak too!

    You did not delve much into freezing this paste. Curious what you think about preparing these pastes and freezing them to use through the year.

    At cook time, I want to be able to use this paste and add sauteed onions, deep fried tofu and vegetables along with coconut milk – and of course salt and sprigs of basil.

    Sticking to the process language, Jess, what changes should I make (things to eliminate or safe preservatives to add) to the recipe / graph that will give me the most retained flavors for the invested work and ingredients. 🙂 ?


  2. I am wanting to make my own yellow curry paste. The graphis is super helpful however, I am struggling with the right proportions for each ingredient. Do you have a recipe for yellow curry paste and any recipe’s for a yellow shrimp curry dish?

  3. I happened on to this curry chart and couldn’t be more delighted! It sums up so much in this nifty and organized chart. Thank you! You have inspired me to find these ingredients; I am finding no small task! It will be well worth the effort.